Right Nave Windows

Looking towards the front of the church, the right nave runs along East 12th Street. Beneath the four giant windows of the right nave are smaller windows, as well as stations of the cross 1 to 7.

Socrates Scholasticus of Constantinople, a Greek Christian church historian, in his Ecclesiastical History, describes how Saint Helena, Emperor Constantine’s aging mother, had the temple of Venus destroyed. This temple was built on top of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the site of Golgotha where Jesus was crucified. Three crosses were uncovered underneath, along with the titulus (inscription) from Jesus’ crucifixion.

Macarius, the bishop of Jerusalem, had the three crosses placed in turn on a deathly ill woman. This woman recovered at the touch of the third cross, which was taken as a sign that this was the true cross of Christ.


This window depicts St. Barbara being beheaded by her father.

St. Barbara is the patron saint of artillerymen. She was the daughter of a rich heathen named Dioscorus, who kept her carefully guarded in a tower in order to preserve her from the outside world. She secretly became Christian, and rejected a marriage offer that she received through her father.

Before going on a journey, he had a private bathhouse erected for her use near her dwelling. During his absence, Barbara had three windows put in it, as a symbol of the Holy Trinity, instead of the two originally intended. When he returned, she acknowledged herself as a Christian.

She was ill-treated by her father and dragged before the prefect of the province, Martinianus, who had her cruelly tortured and finally condemned to death by beheading. The father himself carried out the death sentence. In punishment for this, he was struck by lightning on the way home, and his body was consumed.


St. Anthony of Padua has been depicted by artists and sculptors with a book in his hand, preaching to fish or in a public square or nut tree, or holding a monstrance with the Blessed Sacrament in front of a mule.

Since the 17th century, he is more often depicted holding the baby Jesus in his arm. A story about St. Anthony in the complete edition of Butler’s Lives of the Saints tells about a visit Anthony made to the Lord of Chatenauneuf. Anthony was praying late at night when suddenly the room filled with a bright light and Jesus appeared in the form of a little child. Chatenauneuf, attracted to the bright light that filled the house, witnessed the vision but promised to tell no one of it until after St. Anthony’s death in the year 1231.

Note the book resting behind St. Anthony as he is reaching to hold the baby Jesus.


St. Francis of Assisi receives the Stigmata. He is the founder of the Franciscan Order, and is the patron saint of animals. While he was praying on the mountain of Verna, during a forty day fast in preparation for Michaelmas on September 29th (Michaelmas is the Feast Day of St. Michael the Archangel), Francis is said to have had a vision on or about September 14, 1224, the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. During this vision, he received the stigmata. Brother Leo, who had been with Francis at the time, left a clear and simple account of the event, the first definite account of the phenomenon of stigmata: “Suddenly he saw a vision of a seraph, a six-winged angel on a cross. This angel gave him the gift of the five wounds of Christ.”