Looking towards the front of the church, the right aisle runs along East 12th Street. These windows lie beneath the four giant windows of the right nave. Stations of the cross 1 to 7 are also located in this area.
This window depicts Pentecost, the Christian feast day commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples after Christ’s resurrection. The feast day is celebrated 50 days after Easter. Note Mary sitting in the middle of the group of disciples, and the small tongues of yellow flame falling upon each disciple.
When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind, and it filled the entire house in which they were. Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim.
Jesus is crucified at Calvary. Note the skull on the ground, symbolizing the name of Golgotha (Place of the Skull), as well as the eclipse of the sun (above Jesus’ right hand). It is certain that the woman on the far left is Mary, Jesus’ mother. And it is probable that the person in the middle wearing the green cloak is the disciple John, who was told to accept Mary as his own mother.
The soldiers led him away inside the palace, that is, the praetorium, and assembled the whole cohort. They clothed him in purple and, weaving a crown of thorns, placed it on him. They began to salute him with, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and kept striking his head with a reed and spitting upon him. They knelt before him in homage. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple cloak, dressed him in his own clothes, and led him out to crucify him.
So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released Barabbas to them and, after he had Jesus scourged, handed him over to be crucified.
The two men in the background of this window makes it probable that it depicts the washing of Jesus’ feet by an unnamed woman whose sins were forgiven by Jesus. The story places Jesus in the house of a Pharisee who had invited him to dinner.
A Pharisee invited him to dine with him, and he entered the Pharisee’s house and reclined at table. Now there was a sinful woman in the city who learned that he was at table in the house of the Pharisee. Bringing an alabaster flask of ointment, she stood behind him at his feet weeping and began to bathe his feet with her tears. Then she wiped them with her hair, kissed them, and anointed them with the ointment. When the Pharisee who had invited him saw this he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would know who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, that she is a sinner.” Then he turned to the woman and said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? When I entered your house, you did not give me water for my feet, but she has bathed them with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You did not give me a kiss, but she has not ceased kissing my feet since the time I entered. You did not anoint my head with oil, but she anointed my feet with ointment. So I tell you, her many sins have been forgiven; hence, she has shown great love. But the one to whom little is forgiven, loves little.” He said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.” The others at table said to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” But he said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”
Our Lady of Lourdes appears in February 1858 to Bernadette Soubirous in Lourdes, France. Note the blue belt around the Blessed Mother’s waist and the stream of water underneath the grotto. The complete story of Bernadette’s experience can be found in this article on Wikipedia.
Saint Dominic is receiving the rosary from Mother Mary, who is holding the Baby Jesus. Dominic (1170-1221), originally from Spain, is the founder of the Friars Preachers, more commonly known as the Dominican Order.
The spread of the rosary is attributed to the preaching of St. Dominic.